The CGT relief available when a loan to a trader becomes irrecoverable (TCGA 1992, s 253) only applies if the borrower is located in the UK. This was ruled as being an unjust restriction to the free movement of capital guaranteed by article 63 of TFEU.
In January 2019 the European Commission issued a reasoned opinion asking the UK to change the law on this point. The Finance Bill 2020 will amend the existing law to allow loans provided on and after 24 January 2019 to qualify for the loans to trader CGT relief wherever the borrower is located. Loans made before 24 January 2019 will only qualify for this relief if the borrower is in the UK.
Share loss relief can transform a capital loss into an income tax loss (ITA 2007, s 131). The loss must arise when shares, which were subscribed for in an unquoted company, become worthless. If the shares were not issued under the EIS or SEIS, the company must meet additional conditions such as trading wholly or mainly in the UK. That geographical restriction was ruled as being an unjust restriction to the free movement of capital guaranteed by article 63 of TFEU.
The European Commission asked the UK to change the law on this point. For share disposals occurring on and after 24 January 2019, share loss relief can apply irrespective of where the business of the company is carried on.
Written by the Tax Advice Network